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Institute of Environmental Sciences
The Robert H. Smith Faculty
of Agriculture, Food and Environment
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Herzl 229, Rehovot 7610001, ISRAEL

Director:
Prof. Sharoni Shafir
Phone: +972-(0)8-9489401
Fax: +972-(0)8-9489842
sharoni.shafir@mail.huji.ac.il

Administrator:
Michal Goldberg
Phone: 08-9489340 
Email: michalgo@savion.huji.ac.il

Life in the balance: The honey bee perspective

sharoni shafirProfessor Sharoni Shafir discusses "Life in the balance: The honey bee perspective" 66 minutes

Prof. Shafir is the Director of the B. Triwaks Bee Research Center and Head of the newly established Institute of Environmental Sciences.
His scientific interests are in the areas of: bee biology, nutritional ecology, perception, learning, and decision making, and the use of bees for pollination.

Should multiple agents work together ...?

Adam LampertAdam Lampert at the 105th ESA meeting:
Should multiple agents work together or split their job to control populations of harmful species?
The management of harmful species, including invasive species, pests, parasites, and diseases, is a major, global challenge. Harmful species cause severe damage to ecosystems, biodiversity, agriculture, and human health. The control of harmful species is challenging

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and often requires cooperation among multiple agents, such as land‐owners, agencies, and countries. Agents may have incentives to contribute less, leaving more work for other agents, which can result in inefficient treatment. A major question is, therefore, how should the agent allocate the job? Should they work together in the same area? Or should they allocate their responsibilities such that each agent would work only in its own designated area? We consider a dynamic game theoretic model, in which a Nash equilibrium corresponds to a possible solution. In turn, the policy (or the allocation) may determine the possible equilibria, which allow us to compare the outcome of various policies.

Our first result shows that, when the agents and the designated areas are identical, it is better that the agents work in distinct areas if the cost of damages from the harmful species is high; however, it is better for the agents to work together in the same area if that cost is lower. Our second result shows that, when eradicating a species, it is generally better if each agent work in the area from which he/she incurs more damages from the species; however, when the aim is to control the species at a certain level, it is generally better if the agents work together in all the areas simultaneously. Furthermore, in some cases, a better outcome can be achieved if the agents switch their roles during certain periods, such that each agent work in the area designated to her/his neighbor. This implies that the coordination among agents plays a critical role in the success of eradication and control of harmful species.

 

 

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